The people are now becoming keenly interested and more aware of the prospective applications of DNA technology and even though, there are still many misconceptions that are needed to be addressed before people can make a calculated judgment and its prospective uses in particular cases. Hence, it is advantageous to consider these factors that people usually consider to ask and what you should know about paternity tests before heading off to DNA testing.
- Is there any other accurate technique of proving relationships with the DNA tests?
The most accurate and proven method of proving the biological relationships is only by the means of DNA testing. Blood group screening is also a way to prove that an alleged parent cannot possibly be, but not that they definitely were. DNA tests help in proving the paternity and maternity to within 99.99 percent or higher, or it can also be denied with 100 percent certainty.
- Is there any distinction between at home paternity test and a legal DNA test?
The only difference between the two is the manner the sample is gathered and submitted to the lab. There is no actual distinction in the actual testing, the outcome is always the same either way. For a paternity DNA test to be deemed a legal status, there must be zero doubts in regard to the source of the sample being tested. An independent third party should hence be nominated top in order to carry out the DNA paternity test. They will arrive with a kit and gather the sample hence validating the identity of the subject involved. Then the sample is sent or submitted to the lab where the test is carried out. In this way, the subject is appropriately identified and the sample in custody until and unless it is tested. When it comes to an at home paternity test, you can order the testing kit by your own means which will be delivered at your doorstep. Pay heed to the instructions offered to you, take the sample by your own means and submit it to the lab that will deliver you the result. This method only provides peace of mind, it has zero legal standing.
- What should I do to ensure that I am consulting the best laboratory?
First things first, check the accreditation of the lab. Look for the ISO 17025 testing standards. If it has no such accreditations that look for another lab. Also, ensure that they test at least 21 genetic loci and they provide DNA profile for each participant involved. Eventually, place a request for a statistical probability of percentage, simply a yes or no would not suffice.
- Can other samples be also used to gather the DNA?
Yes, there are many ways possible to gather the DNA, especially when the alleged father is unwilling to take part. Apart from the blood samples, you can take semen, hair, residues of saliva on cigarette butts and tissues. The most preferred source is the skin cells derived from check and saliva which is obtained by swabbing your cheek’s inside.